Filozofski fakultet, 07.04.2020
prefixes and suffixes are super useful for customizing the meanings of words, but what are they? A prefix is a group of letters (or an affix) that’s added to the beginning of a word, and a suffix is an affix that’s added to the end of a word. Prefixes modify the meaning of a word. They can make a word negative, show repetition, or indicate opinion. Some suffixes add to or change a word’s meaning. Others can signal the word’s part of speech or indicate verb tense.
Some of the most common prefixes in the English language are dis-, in-, and un-, which make words negative. For instance, adding the prefix un- to the word kind creates the word unkind, meaning not kind.
Another common prefix, re-, indicates repetition. For example, adding re- to the word build means “to build again.”
Other prefixes can indicate position: Sub(meaning under or below) is found in common words like subway and submarine. Supra- (which means above) often appears in medical terminology, such as supraclavicular nerves, which lie on top of veins and bones.
Some common suffixes are -ed, -ing, and -ly. The suffix -ed changes verbs to the past tense. In the sentence “Sandy shoveled the snow,” the -ed suffix creates the past tense of the verb to shovel. The -ing suffix makes the verb take place in the present, as in the following sentence: “Sandy is shoveling the snow.”
The suffix -ly is commonly added onto adjectives to form adverbs (words that describe verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs). Examples of adverbs with the -ly suffix include joyfully, quickly, and loudly. The suffixes -s and -es make words plural, as in foxes, lamps, and chairs.
Please, do the following exercises in your workbooks:
exercise 6. Suffixes and prefixes (page 64, Unit 10) 6.1/ 6.2